Artificial Intelligence Computing at the Quantum Level
A unique feature of a quantum computer in comparison to a classical computer is that the bit (often referred to as qubit can be in one of two states (0 or 1) and possibly a superposition of the two states (a linear combination of 0 and 1) per time.
The most common mathematical representation of a qubit is
which denotes a superposition state, where , are complex numbers and , are computational basis states that form an orthonormal basis in this vector space.
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