Artificial Intelligence Computing at the Quantum Level

A unique feature of a quantum computer in comparison to a classical computer is that the bit (often referred to as qubit can be in one of two states (0 or 1) and possibly a superposition of the two states (a linear combination of 0 and 1) per time. The most common mathematical representation of a qubit is

    \[ |{\psi\rangle} = \alpha|{0\rangle} + \beta|{1\rangle},  \]

which denotes a superposition state, where \alpha, \beta are complex numbers and |{0\rangle}, |{1\rangle} are computational basis states that form an orthonormal basis in this vector space.

To know more about how quantum machine learning takes advantage of this, check our newest article here.