Evaluating Accuracy and Adversarial Robustness of Quanvolutional Neural Networks

A combination of a quantum circuit and a convolutional neural network (CNN) can have better results over a classic CNN in some cases. In our recent article, we show an example of such a case, using accuracy and adversarial examples as measures of performance and robustness. Check it out: [ bib | pdf ]

Enhancing Adversarial Examples on Deep QNetworks with Previous Information

This work finds strong adversarial examples for Deep Q Networks which are famous deep reinforcement learning models. We combine two subproblems of finding adversarial examples in deep reinforcement learning: finding states to perturb and determining how much to perturb. Therefore, the attack can jointly optimize this problem. Further, we trained Deep Q Networks to play Atari games: Breakout and Space Invader. Then, we used our attack to find adversarial examples on those games. As a result, we can achieve state-of-the-art results and showed that our attack is natural and stealthy. Paper: [ bib | pdf ]

On the Performance of Convolutional Neural Networks Initialized with Gabor Filters

When observing a fully trained CNN, researchers have found that the pattern on the kernel filters (convolution window) of the receptive convolutional layer closely resembles the Gabor filters. Gabor filters have existed for a long time, and researchers have been using them for texture analysis. Given the nature and purpose of the receptive layer of CNN, Gabor filters could act as a suitable replacement strategy for the randomly initialized kernels of the receptive layer in CNN, which could potentially boost the performance without any regard to the nature of the dataset. The findings in this thesis show that when low-level kernel filters are initialized with Gabor filters, there is a boost in accuracy, Area Under ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) Curve (AUC), minimum loss, and speed in some cases based on the complexity of the dataset. [pdf, bib]

Different Gabor filters with different values for \lambda, \theta, and \gamma. Different parameters will change filter properties.

A review of Earth Artificial Intelligence

In recent years, Earth system sciences are urgently calling for innovation on improving accuracy, enhancing model intelligence level, scaling up operation, and reducing costs in many subdomains amid the exponentially accumulated datasets and the promising artificial intelligence (AI) revolution in computer science. This paper presents work led by the NASA Earth Science Data Systems Working Groups and ESIP machine learning cluster to give a comprehensive overview of AI in Earth sciences. It holistically introduces the current status, technology, use cases, challenges, and opportunities, and provides all the levels of AI practitioners in geosciences with an overall big picture and to “blow away the fog to get a clearer vision” about the future development of Earth AI. The paper covers all the major spheres in the Earth system and investigates representative AI research in each domain. Widely used AI algorithms and computing cyberinfrastructure are briefly introduced. The mandatory steps in a typical workflow of specializing AI to solve Earth scientific problems are decomposed and analyzed. Eventually, it concludes with the grand challenges and reveals the opportunities to give some guidance and pre-warnings on allocating resources wisely to achieve the ambitious Earth AI goals in the future. [pdf, bib]

Challenges and opportunities.